Safety Equipment Installation and Maintenance Is Important
Safety is an important issue for all of us. Most people will never face a major
fire but don’t think it will never happen to you. Fire is an unpredictable
catastrophe which can occur any time. Hence ,one should make sure he is always
prepared for such contingencies. The primary goal of fire safety efforts is to
protect building occupants from injury and to prevent loss of life and prevent
property damage. According to Indian law, minimal fire safety equipment is
mandatory for any developed property.
most of builders and developers offer safety and security device as part of
their project. But some builders opt for cheap
equipment instead of purchasing high quality ones. In some cities or
state, it is mandatory to install fire safety devices in shopping malls,
schools and colleges, high-rise building or apartment. Regular inspection as
well as annual servicing is necessary to maintain the Fire Safety Equipment in
good working condition.
Safety Installations for Buildings
Safety arrangements have become the basic necessity for MNC (Multi National
Companies), Offices, Schools, High Rise Buildings, Societies, Homes/Houses,
Multi Storey Buildings/Houses, Shopping Complex. Fire Safety device or Fire
Detector Units come in a variety of models depending on the facility to be
protected. As per the Fire Services Rules and National Building Code of India,
the installation of the minimum fire safety equipment is mandatory in Schools,
High Rise Buildings and Shopping Complex.
Monoxide Detector, Smoke Alarms, Fire Extinguishers, Escape Ladders, Fire
sprinkler systems, Fire doors & frames, Water storage etc, are some of
important Fire Safety equipments. Installation of fire safety device is offered
as a part of project by builders or developers. According to National Building
Code, at least one staircase shall be provided as a fire staircase as defined
in the National Building Code. The performance of a fire protection system
depends not only on the quality of the product, but in the quality of its
of Fire Safety Equipment
builders or apartment owners association installs fire safety equipment just to
get NOC from concerned department for getting the Occupancy certificate of the
building. But they forget that maintenance of fire safety device is vital for
proper working of equipment during emergency or disaster. Following are some
useful tips for Installation and Maintenance of fire safety device.
Escape: Fire escape plan or routes are to be provided with a sign. The
preferred wording for signage leading to an exterior fire escape is “Fire
Escape” or “Fire Exit”. If your home or apartment doesn’t have an emergency
Fire escape plan, make an outline of your entire floor area and mark the escape
route one showing normal exit through hall or stairways and another show
emergency exit in case fire blocks hallways or stairs.
Escape Access: If you live in an apartment building, your apartment should have
access to both the main stairwell and an alternate fire escape. If you or
someone in your family is physically disabled, make sure that their bedrooms
have several exits that they can access easily or are situated on the ground
floor near an exit. In the event of an actual fire, get outside of the building
and stay out. Contact the fire department and allow the professionals to do
Safety audit: The fire license is issued based on the adherence to National
Building Code provisions with respect to fire safety. In India fire audits are
conducted by third parties for the purpose of issuing statutory clearance for
occupation of the high rise buildings. Apartment owners association or property
manager can conduct a fire safety audit
by experts to ensure that the building fire safety equipments are in proper place
and fire safety devices are in good working conditions.
Maintenance: Annual Maintenance of Fire Safety Equipments is necessary for all
fire fighting & safety equipments and installation to ensure the smooth
operation of all Fire safety equipments and installations during any emergency
without fail. Regular inspection and
servicing of the equipment is meant for the safety of the occupants.
the fire Hazards: Fires occur when the three things viz. a source of ignition,
fuel and oxygen are present together and the fire risk could increase depending
on the proximity of these materials to each other. It is important to understand what materials
in your work area or apartment are flammable and combustible so that you may
properly store and isolate them from ignition sources. The fire audit should
identify potential fire hazards based on the location and handling of potential
sources of ignition.
the risks: The evaluation of fire risk in each building or block of occupancy
can be done either qualitatively and quantitatively. The average risk values
can be used to categorize the building or block as low, medium or high risk.
doors: A fire door is a door with a fire-resistance rating designed to
withstand fire, heat and smoke for a period of 20-minutes to 3 hours. Every
fire door is therefore required to act as a barrier to the passage of smoke
and/or fire to varying degrees depending upon its location in a building and the fire
hazard associated with the building. Fire doors need occasional maintenance and
repairs to function properly and should be periodically checked. Fire doors in
dirty or critical locations should be tested more frequently to assure that the
fire door will operate when needed.
is an unpredictable catastrophe which can occur any time. Hence , one should
make sure he is always prepared for such contingencies. The primary goal of
fire safety efforts is to protect building occupants from injury and to prevent
loss of life and the secondary goal is to prevent damage or loss of valuable.
It is important to understand what materials in your work area or apartment are
flammable and combustible so that you may properly store and isolate them from
ignition sources. Never block or lock the Fire Escape route which will trap you
in case of emergency.
using extension cords check for defaults such as frays, brittleness, or broken
wires. Faulty electrical equipment or misuse of equipment produces heat and
sparks that serve as ignition sources in the presence of flammable and
combustible materials. Ensure that fire safety device in your apartment or
building is maintained regularly and the devices are in good working condition.